War on Poverty
These records contain documents and some audio/graphic materials related to the educational and recreational programs sponsored by the organization in Eastern Kentucky. The collection has administrative office files, partnered college files, development fundraising files, Coordinated Consumer Health Education Project Files. File topics also include those on board members, contracts, equipment, program planning and policy, campus directors, college programs, and program training. Photographs document the programming organization by ALCOR. The collection was arranged and described as part of the “Action in Appalachia: Revealing Public Health, Housing, and Community Development Records in the UK Libraries Special Collections Research Center” project funded by CLIR Hidden Collections grant.
Passed by Congress in 1965, the Appalachian Regional Development Act established the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) to plan and manage economic development in the region. ARC concentrates its efforts in two major areas. The highway program, which annually receives about two-thirds of the ARC's funds, provides for construction of the Appalachian Development Highway System. The other major program, area development, provides grants for education and health care, water and sewer systems, housing, child development, enterprise development, natural resources development, and research on topics related to the region's economic development.
Harry Caudill was best known nationally for his role as a writer-of about 80 newspaper essays, 50 odd magazine articles, more than 120 lectures and speeches, and 10 books-who drew attention to the social, economic, and environmental problems the coal industry had caused in his region, earning him the moniker "Upton Sinclair of the coal fields." Caudill also served in the Kentucky House of Representatives and taught Appalachian history at the University of Kentucky. Caudill's was supported by his wife, Anne Frye Caudill.
Community Action in Appalachia: An Appraisal of the "War on Poverty" in a Rural Setting of Southeastern Kentucky reports, 1968
A 13 volume assessment of the Kentucky War on Poverty program. This collection has been digitized; please see links to individual reports below.
Unit 1. Quality of Life in Rural Poverty Areas
Unit 2. Economic Progress in an Appalachian County: The Relationship Between Economic and Social Change
Unit 3. A Selective Description of a Knox County Mountain Neighborhood
Unit 4. Family Life Styles, Social Participation, and Socio-Cultural Change
Unit 5. Poverty, Participation, and Political Socialization
Unit 6. The Youth Development Program
Unit 7. Modernization of Life Styles
Unit 8. Leadership and Community Relations
Unit 9. The "Image" of the Knox County Community Action Program
Unit 10. The Knox County Economic Opportunity Council Anti-Poverty Arts and Crafts Store Program
Unit 11. The Early Childhood Program
Unit 12. The Health Education Program
Unit 13. Recent Home Construction in Two Appalachian Counties
The Eastern Kentucky Health Services, Inc. records primarily consists of applications from health care facilities for financial assistance towards beginning or expanding services. Eastern Kentucky Health Services Inc. helped more than 100 personal at-home nurses, nursing homes, rural clinics, as well as community hospitals during the 1970s and 1980s. The collection also includes health care publications, handbooks and some architectural plans. The collection was arranged and described as part of the “Action in Appalachia: Revealing Public Health, Housing, and Community Development Records in the UK Libraries Special Collections Research Center” project funded by CLIR Hidden Collections grant.
Everette Tharp served as Recording Secretary to the Appalachian Committee for Full Employment (ACFE), one of the first groups to apply for Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) funds. Tharp and the ACFE were eventually involved in a political struggle over who would control the (Letcher Knott Leslie Perry) LKLP Community Action Council. This collection was arranged and described as part of the Arranging and Describing Archives Related to Appalachian History and Culture, a "We the People" NEH grant.
John C. Watts, a tobacco grower, banker, lawyer, and Democrat, held elected positions in both Kentucky and national governments and was considered a moderate conservative. Much of his work focused on the tobacco and whiskey industries. Watts served on several committees while in the House of Representatives, including the Committee on Agriculture, the Public Works Committee, and the Ways and Means Committee.
John D. Whisman was an inspirational force behind the creation of the Appalachian Regional Commission. The collection documents his involvement in the Lexington, Kentucky and United States Junior Chamber of Commerce, the Eastern Kentucky Regional Planning Commission, the Kentucky Area Program Office, and the Presidents Appalachian Regional Commission. The collection also covers his later role as a consultant to other development and planning commissions in Kentucky and Maryland. This collection was arranged and described as part of the Arranging and Describing Archives Related to Appalachian History and Culture, a "We the People" NEH grant.